If your gums are red, swollen, or bleed easily, you may have periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection that can cause the gums to pull away from the teeth. Periodontal disease can weaken your teeth, eventually causing tooth loss. Some studies suggest that genetics might play a role in developing periodontitis. Other studies suggest smoking, diabetes, and chronic stress can make the problem worse.
What Are the Symptoms of Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums. The infection turns your gums red and puffy and can cause them to recede from your teeth. When the infection is left untreated, it can lead to loss of bone and tissue around your teeth. Due to the infection, you may experience gum disease symptoms such as bad breath, bleeding gums, and sensitive teeth.
What Are Periodontal Treatments?
If our Dentist in Victoria, TX has informed you that you have periodontal disease, you will most likely need to undergo some form of treatment procedures, such as:
1. Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing is the most common form of periodontal treatment. During this procedure, the root surfaces of the teeth are cleaned and smoothed, and the pockets around the teeth are also cleaned and reduced. Scaling and root planing may be necessary if a patient has periodontitis.
2. Pocket Reduction Surgery
Pocket reduction surgery is also a common treatment for periodontal disease. During this procedure, the gums are lifted back, and the tartar and plaque are scraped away. The roots of the teeth are smoothed, and a bone graft may be performed.
3. Gum Grafts
In cases of extreme gum recession, a gum graft may be necessary. During a gum graft, tissue is taken from the roof of the mouth and stitched into the gum line. This helps to replenish the amount of gum tissues around the teeth.
What Is Deep Cleaning?
In cases of advanced periodontal disease, deep cleaning is often the only treatment option. Deep cleaning is the process of removing plaque and tartar from below the gum line. This can only be done after scaling and root planing and is often done in one appointment. After scaling and root planing, the hygienist will numb the area before carefully removing the plaque and tartar from the pockets around the roots of the teeth.
What Is Gingivectomy?
Gingivectomy is the removal of gum tissue. This surgery is typically recommended when gum disease, or periodontitis, is severe. When gum disease is left untreated and begins to affect the bone in the jaw, patients can lose teeth. Gingivectomy can help to avoid tooth loss by removing the gum tissue infected by periodontal disease.
To find out more about the dental services offered at our dental practice, call (361) 578-3544 or go online to schedule a consultation. You can also visit us at 102 Professional Park, Victoria, TX, 77904.